Feline Stomatitis: Treatments

sick looking cat
Cats rarely display their pain, but cats with feline stomatitis are often the exception. If your cat appears to have mouth pain, is reluctant to eat, doesn't want to groom, is drooling, and doesn't want you to open its mouth, it may be suffering from this debilitating, degenerative oral condition, and prompt treatment is a must.

Stomatitis refers to an inflammation of the oral mucosa, the mucous membranes that line a cat's mouth. This layer of cells can become inflamed for a variety of reasons. The more frequent causes of inflammation are gingivitis and periodontal disease. In the case of stomatitis, the exact cause isn't known, but it is suspected to be an immune-mediated disease. Depending on the extent of lesions, this condition is also called faucitis and caudal mucositis, if the areas in the back of the mouth behind the teeth are affected. Stomatitis affects all breeds of cats, and can occur in any age.

Treatment for oral inflammation depends on the severity of the disease. Milder cases can be treated by having a dental prophylaxis under anesthesia. Once the teeth are cleaned, you may be asked to apply a chlorhexidene gel to help keep the bacteria under control. Taking dental X-rays is important in all these cases as a degeneration of the tooth termed resorption, may occur in the crown or root of the tooth. This resorption can cause pain and inflammation.

More advanced cases of feline stomatitis generally call for extraction of all or a majority of the affected teeth. While this approach might sound extreme, it can also be highly effective at curing the stomatitis altogether, instead of merely keeping it in check. If extractions of the molars and pre-molars doesn't resolve the problem, further extractions of the canines and incisors very well might. Some cat owners decide to spare their cats a possible future surgery by having these teeth removed with the others. X-rays of the teeth during extraction are critical because any piece of a tooth is left behind, the inflammation will persist.

Your cat's stomatitis may also involve the bone surrounding the teeth, leading to a condition called osteomyelitis. This is a serious infection of the bone surrounding the teeth which is treated by removing the diseased bone and then allowing healthy tissue to regenerate in its place.


Sources:

Deforge, D. H., VMD, "One Clinician’s Experience With A New Treatment For Feline Stomatitis," Veterinary Practice News

Kirby, Naomi, DVM, MS, "Managing Feline Stomatitis," IVC Journal.

Lews, John, VMD, FAVD, DIPL. AVDC., "Why Teeth Removal is Best When Your Patient Has Feline Stomatitis," Veterinary Practice News.

Merck Veterinary Manuals, "Oral Inflammatory and Ulcerative Disease in Small Animals."

Contact Us

We look forward to hearing from you

Office Hours

Walk-ins accepted from 8am-11:30am and 2pm-5:30pm

Lubbock Office

Monday:

7:30 am-12:00 pm

2:00 pm-6:00 pm

Tuesday:

7:30 am-12:00 pm

2:00 pm-6:00 pm

Wednesday:

7:30 am-12:00 pm

2:00 pm-6:00 pm

Thursday:

7:30 am-12:00 pm

2:00 pm-6:00 pm

Friday:

7:30 am-12:00 pm

2:00 pm-6:00 pm

Saturday:

7:30 am-12:00 pm

Sunday:

Closed

Location

10209 Quaker Avenue, Lubbock, Tx . 79424

  • "AMC has been our vet for the last 28 years with personal fur babies and now going on 12 years with our Morris Mutts. We could not be here and actively savings dogs without your help and expertise. Thank you thank you"
    Sallie-Morris Safe House
  • "They have the best vets and a wonderful staff and I couldn't be happier with the quality of service and how well they take care of my dog when I take him there! Definitely check out AMC for a friendly, affordable Lubbock vet."
    Kayla B.
  • "Always receive sound judgment, veterinary advice and excellent care here. Strong & trustworthy veterinary care providers. (I can also be a bit intense & all the staff have consistently been patient and kind each visit, intense or not.)"
    Betty H.
  • "I have used AMC since 1999 with all my babies. I've brought them dogs, cats, birds, rabbits, rescues I pull off the street. They have given amazing service every visit. I also work at a local pet hotel, and when I call to check on client vaccinations, they are helpful and professional."
    Jeana D.
  • "Great doctors, friendly people and fantastic service."
    Mary W.
  • "Caring staff; knowledgeable vets"
    Virginia M.

Featured Articles

NEWSLETTER SIGNUP

Sign up for more articles